Forensic odontology (FO) is a dependable and cost-effective scientific approach for recognizing victims in mass disasters (MD). It has been demonstrated to be an effective identification technique, with an overall identification rate of 83.3% in the Southeast Asian tsunami. Forensic odontology is a dynamic field that has advanced significantly since the 2004 tsunami, and new research challenges are being investigated to optimize protocols for disaster victim identification (DVI) operations.The primary responsibility of the forensic dentist in a DVI operation is the identification of unknown deceased persons. Virtopsia is a non-invasive or minimally invasive approach that has several advantages over current forensic examination techniques, as it can help provide precise, objective and clear documentation of forensic findings in order to testify in court.
Autonomous and lightweight working devices can be easily placed next to bodies, allowing immediate forensic dental investigation in combination with treatment and digital imaging systems, which could allow an immediate coincidence between morning and morning (Fig.).These data suggest that forensic dentistry may be a good complementary method for identifying victims. New research challenges include the development of forensic diagnostic tools, with maximum use of remnants and information, greater efficiency for various forensic applications, and protocols optimized for DVI operations.In addition to its use in DVI operations, FO can also be used to identify victims of other disasters such as fires, plane crashes, and terrorist attacks. The use of FO in these cases is especially important because it can provide a more accurate identification than other methods such as DNA analysis or fingerprinting. FO can also be used to identify victims who have been missing for long periods of time or whose remains have been damaged or destroyed.
In these cases, FO can provide valuable information about the identity of the victim.The use of FO in DVI operations is becoming increasingly important as more disasters occur around the world. It is essential that forensic dentists are trained in the latest techniques and technologies so that they can provide accurate and reliable identifications. In addition, it is important that protocols are developed to ensure that FO is used effectively and efficiently in DVI operations.Overall, forensic odontology is an invaluable tool for identifying victims in mass disasters. Its accuracy and reliability make it an essential part of any DVI operation.
With continued research and development, FO will continue to be an important tool for identifying victims in mass disasters.